[1]李 盛,王金玉,冯亚莉,等.兰州市城区居民饮水暴露参数调查分析[J].国外医学医学地理杂志,2019,(02):108-112.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-8883.2019.02.003]
 LI Sheng,WANG Jinyu,FENG Yali,et al.Drinking water exposure factors amongurban residents in Lanzhou[J].Foreign Medical Sciences (Section of Medgeography),2019,(02):108-112.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-8883.2019.02.003]
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兰州市城区居民饮水暴露参数调查分析()
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国外医学医学地理杂志[ISSN:1001-8883/CN:61-1102/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
108-112
栏目:
丝路医学
出版日期:
2019-07-02

文章信息/Info

Title:
Drinking water exposure factors amongurban residents in Lanzhou
作者:
李 盛1王金玉2冯亚莉3李守禹2董继元4王宇红1李守凯1贾 清1王龄庆1
(1.兰州市疾病预防控制中心,甘肃兰州 730030; 2.兰州大学基础医学院,甘肃兰州 730000; 3.兰州大学第二医院内分泌科,甘肃兰州 730030; 4.兰州大学公共卫生学院,甘肃兰州 730000)
Author(s):
LI Sheng1WANG Jinyu2FENG Yali3LI Shouyu2DONG Jiyuan4WANG Yuhong1LI Shoukai1JIA Qing1WANG Lingqing1
(1.Lanzhou Center for Disease Prevention and Control,Lanzhou 730030; 2.School of Basic Medicine,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000; 3.Endocrinology department,Lanzhou University Second Hospital,Lanzhou 730030; 4.School of Public Health,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000,China)
关键词:
暴露参数 饮水量 成人 城区
Keywords:
exposure parameters drinking water intake adults urban
分类号:
R181.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-8883.2019.02.003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解兰州市城区居民饮水量,为兰州市城区居民饮用水健康风险评价提供科学依据。方法 于2017年7—8月、12月采用整群随机抽样的方法,从兰州市所辖四个城区中选取18岁及以上常住居民1 236名,通过问卷调查和标准量具相结合的方法进行饮水量调查。统计学分析采用Wilcoxon秩和检验和Kruskal-Wallis秩和检验。结果 兰州市城区居民总饮水量、直接饮水量、间接饮水量中位数分别为2 142.4、1 650.0、393.5 mL/d。男性总饮水量、直接饮水量和间接饮水量(2 298.6、1 800.0、402.7 mL/d)均高于女性(2 023.5、1 500.0、372.7 mL/d,P<0.05); 45~64岁人群的总饮水量、直接饮水量和间接饮水量(2 352.8、1 800、425.0 mL/d)最高,不同年龄人群饮水量差异有统计学意义(P<0.05); 不同体质指数(BMI)人群中,超重人群(BMI≥24.0)间接饮水量(422.7 mL/d)高于正常(BMI 18.5~23.9,385.7 mL/d)或偏瘦者(BMI<18.5,318.8 mL/d,P<0.05); 体力劳动者间接饮水量中位数(427.3 mL/d)大于非体力劳动者(362.4 mL/d,P<0.05)。夏季、冬季饮水量也存在性别、年龄、BMI和劳动状况差异。结论 性别、年龄、BMI和劳动状况对兰州市城区居民饮水量有一定影响,在兰州市城区饮水健康风险评价中应综合考虑多因素条件下的饮水量。
Abstract:
Objective To understand the drinking water intake and provide scientific basis of health risk assessment for urban residents in Lanzhou City.Methods A total of 1 236 residents aged 18 and over were randomly selected by cluster random sampling method from four urban districts of Lanzhou in July,August and December,2017.The drinking water intake was investigated by the method of questionnaire and quantitative measurement.Wilcoxon rank sum test and Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test were used in statistical analysis.Results In Lanzhou,the median of total,direct and indirect drinking water volume of urban residents are 2 142.4 mL/d,1 650.0 mL/d and 393.5 mL/d,respectively.The total,direct and indirect drinking water volumes of males(2 298.6 mL/d,1 800.0 mL/d and 402.7 mL/d)are higher than the females(2 023.5 mL/d,1 500.0 mL/d and 372.7 mL/d,P<0.05); The total,direct and indirect drinking water volumes(2 352.8 mL/d,1 800 mL/d and 425.0 mL/d)of the population aged 45-64 are the highest,and there is a significant difference in the water consumption among different age groups(P<0.05).The indirect drinking water intake of the overweigh(422.7 mL/d)is higher than the normal and the thin(385.7 mL/d and 318.8 mL/d,P<0.05).The indirect drinking water intake of manual workers(427.3 mL/d)is higher than non-manual workers(362.4 mL/d,P<0.05).In summer and winter,the drinking water intakes are also differences in sexes,ages,BMI and working conditions.Conclusion Gender,age,BMI and labor situation may influence drinking water intake of urban residents in Lanzhou,and these factors should be considered comprehensively in health risk assessment.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-12-10 修回日期:2019-02-03
基金项目:兰州市人才创新创业项目(2016-RC-89); 兰州市城关区科技计划项目(2016-07-02)
作者简介:李盛(1976-),男(汉族),大学本科,主任医师.研究方向:环境与健康.
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-02